#include <sys/loader.h> #include <nlist.h> #include <stab.h> #include <reloc.h>
The complete description of a Mach-O file is given in a number of include files. The file <sys/loader.h> describes the headers, <nlist.h> describes the symbol table entries with <stab.h> supplementing it, and <reloc.h> describes the relocation entries.
The actual instructions and data used by the program represented by a Mach-O file are the contents of its sections. Sections are grouped together in segments. Each section carries with it, in its header, the information as to which segment it belongs in. When a file type that is executable is created the sections are placed in their proper segment and all the segment headers are created and the segments themselves are padded out to the segment alignment (typically the target pagesize). For the object file type produced by an assembler (or by the link editor for further linking) all the sections are placed in one segment for compactness.
When the kernel executes a Mach-O file it maps in the object file's segments, any segments from fixed virtual shared libraries that the object uses and creates the thread(s) for execution. Any part of the object file that is not part of a segment is not mapped in for execution and except for the headers is not needed to execute the file. These parts include the relocation entries, the symbol table and the string table. These parts can however be mapped in with the use of the link editor's -seglinkedit option which creates a segment that contains these parts. These parts can be stripped with the -s option to ld.1 or strip.1
For more information, see Chapter 8, "Mach Object Files," in the NeXT Development Tools manual.
Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).
Last modified 21/April/97