int mbtowc(wchar_t *pwc, const char *s, size_t n);
int mblen(const char *s, size_t n);
int wctomb(char *s, wchar_t wchar);
MT-Safe with exceptions
Multibyte characters are used to represent characters in an extended character set. This is needed for locales where 8 bits are not enough to represent all the characters in the character set.
The multibyte character handling functions provide the means of translating multibyte characters into wide characters and back again. Wide characters have type wchar_t (defined in <stdlib.h>), which is an integral type whose range of values can represent distinct codes for all members of the largest extended character set specified among the supported locales.
A maximum of 3 extended character sets are supported for each locale. The number of bytes in an extended character set is defined by the LC_CTYPE category of the locale (see setlocale.3c However, the maximum number of bytes in any multibyte character will never be greater than MB_LEN_MAX. which is defined in <limits.h>. The maximum number of bytes in a character in an extended character set in the current locale is given by the macro, MB_CUR_MAX, defined in <stdlib.h>.
mbtowc() determines the number of bytes that comprise the multibyte character pointed to by s. Also, if pwc is not a null pointer, mbtowc() converts the multibyte character to a wide character and places the result in the object pointed to by pwc. (The value of the wide character corresponding to the null character is zero.) At most n bytes will be examined, starting at the byte pointed to by s.
If s is a null pointer, mbtowc() simply returns 0. If s is not a null pointer, then, if s points to the null character, mbtowc() returns 0; if the next n or fewer bytes form a valid multibyte character, mbtowc() returns the number of bytes that comprise the converted multibyte character; otherwise, s does not point to a valid multibyte character and mbtowc() returns -1.
mblen() determines the number of bytes comprising the multibyte character pointed to by s. It is equivalent to
wctomb() determines the number of bytes needed to represent the multibyte character corresponding to the code whose value is wchar, and, if s is not a null pointer, stores the multibyte character representation in the array pointed to by s. At most MB_CUR_MAX bytes are stored.
If s is a null pointer, wctomb() simply returns 0. If s is not a null pointer, wctomb() returns -1 if the value of wchar does not correspond to a valid multibyte character; otherwise it returns the number of bytes that comprise the multibyte character corresponding to the value of wchar.
Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).
Last modified 21/April/97